Extending diagonally from southwest to northeast, Tobago is about 30 miles (50 km) long and more than 10 miles (16 km) across at its widest point. Trinidad, by far the larger of the two main islands, has an area of about 1,850 square miles (4,800 square km). It is 7 miles (11 km) from the Venezuelan coast at its nearest point and is separated from it by the Gulf of Paria and two narrow channels, where there are several small islands and rocks. Trinidad and Tobago, island country of the southeastern West Indies. Tobago, much smaller, with an area of about 115 square miles (300 square km), lies 20 miles (30 km) to the northeast of Trinidad. Little Tobago lies about a mile off Tobagos northeastern coast. It consists of two main islandsTrinidad and Tobagoand several smaller islands. Also called Bird of Paradise Island, Little Tobago was once noted as the only wild habitat of the greater bird of paradise outside of New Guinea; however, the bird is no longer found there. Forming the two southernmost links in the Caribbean chain, Trinidad and Tobago lie close to the continent of South America, northeast of Venezuela and northwest of Guyana.
The 85 ft statue of Hanuman Murti, one of the best warriors among the Hindu gods, is the tallest in the Western Hemisphere and the second tallest in the world.
Various nationalities were contracted under this system, including East Indians, Chinese and Portuguese. After slaves were emancipated, plantation owners were in severe need of labour. The British authorities filled this need by instituting a system of indentureship. Of these, the East Indians were imported in the largest numbers, starting from 1 May 1845, when 225 Indians were brought in the first shipment to Trinidad on the Fatel Razack, a Muslim-owned vessel. Indentureship of the East Indians lasted from 1845 to 1917, during which more than 147,000 Indians were brought to Trinidad to work on sugarcane plantations. They added what was initially the second-largest population grouping to the young nation, and their labour developed previously underdeveloped plantation lands.
People were contracted for a period of five years, with a daily wage as low as 25 cents in the early 20th century, and they were guaranteed return passage to India at the end of their contract period. However, coercive means were often used to retain labourers, and the indentureship contracts were soon extended to 10 years after the planters complained that they were losing their labour too early. In lieu of the return passage, the British authorities soon began offering portions of land to encourage settlement; however, the numbers of people who did receive land grants is unclear. East Indians entering the colony were also subject to particular crown laws which segregated them from the rest of Trinidad's population, such as the requirement that they carry a pass with them once off the plantations, and that if freed, they carry their "Free Papers" or certificate indicating completion of the indenture period. The ex-Indentureds came to constitute a vital and significant section of the population, as did the ex-slaves. The indentureship contract was exploitative, such that historians including Hugh Tinker were to call it "a new system of slavery".
Chaguaramas was the proposed site for the federal capital. The Federation dissolved after the Jamaican Federation of the West Indies membership referendum of 1961, and the resulting withdrawal of the Province of Jamaica. The presence of American military bases in Chaguaramas and Cumuto in Trinidad during World War II profoundly changed the character of society. In the post-war period, the wave of decolonisation that swept the British Empire led to the formation of the West Indies Federation in 1958 as a vehicle for independence.
Industrial plants are engaged in the manufacture of chemicals and iron and steel products and in the assembly of consumer durables, including motor vehicles and radio and television receivers. The government started fostering intensive industrial development in several areas in the late 20th century, notably in the central and southern area. The large-scale production of liquefied natural gas began in the 1990s. Oil production and refining and the production of liquefied natural gas (LNG) are the major industries, but government policy has encouraged economic diversification to reduce dependence on imports and on petroleum and LNG production. Trinidad has chemical and fertilizer plants and a steel mill.
Both Trinidad and Tobago were originally settled by Amerindians of South American origin. Ceramic-using agriculturalists settled Trinidad around 150 BC, and then moved further up the Lesser Antillean chain. At the time of European contact, Trinidad was occupied by various Arawakan-speaking groups including the Nepoya and Suppoya, and Cariban-speaking groups such as the Yao, while Tobago was occupied by the Island Caribs and Galibi. Trinidad was first settled by pre-agricultural Archaic people at least 7,000 years ago, making it the earliest settled part of the Caribbean. It was known as 'Land of the Humming Bird' by the indigenous peoples.
The country is also a regional financial centre, and the economy has a growing trade surplus. The expansion of Atlantic LNG over the past six years created the largest single-sustained phase of economic growth in Trinidad and Tobago. Oil and gas account for about 40% of GDP and 80% of exports, but only 5% of employment. The nation is an exporter of LNG and supplied a total of 13.4billion m3 in 2017.
The local music genres of soca and calypso enticethe young to the old and everyone in between to dance to the rhythmic beat and creative costumes in dazzling designs and colour combinations catches the eye in every direction. It is a street party and parade that celebrates life and is a vibrant display ofculture. Trinidad Carnival is the Greatest Show in the World. The Carnival season includes steelpan, calypso and soca competitions and shows, fetes/parties, jouvert, and masqueradecompetitions comprising of bands, individuals and floats.
Residents in Arima face threat from rats
After 1687, they founded several missions in Trinidad, supported and richly funded by the state, which also granted encomienda over the native people to them. The next century (the 1600s) passed without major incident but sustained attempts by the Spaniards to control and rule over the Amerindians, and especially the exertions of the missionaries, were preparing grounds for an outburst. One such mission was Santa Rosa de Arima, established in 1789, when Amerindians from the former encomiendas of Tacarigua and Arauca (Arouca) were relocated further west. In 1687, the Catholic Catalan Capuchin friars were given responsibility for the conversions of the indigenous people of Trinidad and the Guianas.
The original name for the island in the Arawaks' language was Ire which meant "Land of the Hummingbird".Christopher Columbus renamed it "La Isla de la Trinidad" ("The Island of the Trinity"), fulfilling a vow he had made before setting out on his third voyage. This has since been shortened to Trinidad.
Located in Southern Colorado, Trinidad State is the first two-year college in Colorado. Our two campuses educate over 2000 students from the surrounding area, the state of Colorado, around the United States and from throughout the world.